1. از ديکتاتوري به دموکراسي
  2. Gene Sharp – Nonviolence
  3. Gene Sharp
  4. Spring 2019

FROM. Dictatorship. TO. Democracy. A Conceptual Framework for Liberation. Fourth U.s. edition. Gene sharp the albert einstein institution. Gene Sharp. This small book offers the principal con- tents of the pages of the original The. Politics of Nonviolent Action to anyone who wants to learn . PDF | In academic research on resistance and protest, it is at the The importance attributed to Gene Sharp is usually justified by the fact that.

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Gene Sharp Pdf

PDF | 5 minutes read | FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY Social Power and Political Freedom by Gene Sharp. Boston: Extending. Sharp, Gene: Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, c), contrib. by Bruce Jenkins (PDF at. Gene Sharp's researched and catalogued these methods and provided a rich selection of historical examples in his seminal work, The Politics of Nonviolent.

Around the world he is held in high esteem by activists and is regarded with fear and animosity by many authoritarian leaders. This humble, shy year-old intellectual, through his practical writings on non-violent revolution, has had a broad influence on international events for two decades. Though he is quick to dismiss his role, his ideas are credited with helping to advance a global democratic awakening. Sharp were mysteriously burnt down. Sharp of stirring unrest in Venezuela.

Sharp and his work have been profiled in numerous media [35] however some have claimed Sharp's influence has been exaggerated by Westerners looking for a Lawrence of Arabia figure.

Coverage of Gene Sharp's influence in the Egyptian revolution produced a backlash from some Egyptian bloggers. One, journalist Hossam el-Hamalawy , stated that "Not only was Mubarak's foreign policy hated and despised by the Egyptian people, but parallels were always drawn between the situation of the Egyptian people and their Palestinian brothers and sisters. The latter have been the major source of inspiration, not Gene Sharp, whose name I first heard in my life only in February after we toppled Mubarak already and whom the clueless NYT moronically gives credit for our uprising.

از ديکتاتوري به دموکراسي

He defines the latter as having an ethical as well as a material dimension that Sharp deliberately avoids engaging with, and credits local circumstances and the spark provided by the Tunisian revolution for the Egyptian success. However, evidence and testimony from four different activist groups working in Egypt at the time of the revolution contradict these claims. Dalia Ziada, an Egyptian blogger and activist said that activists translated excerpts of Mr.

Sharp's work into Arabic, and that his message of "attacking weaknesses of dictators" stuck with them. Gene Sharp has been accused of having strong links with a variety of US institutions including the CIA, the Pentagon and Republican-related institutions, i. Gene Sharp has consistently denied these claims and after a period of these sustained attacks in June notable left wing writers Noam Chomsky and Howard Zinn among others defended Gene Sharp in a signed a letter which was circulated by U.

An extract from this letter reads as follows:. Rather than being a tool of imperialism, Dr. The Albert Einstein Institution has never received any money from any government or government-funded entity.

Nor does Dr. Sharp or the Albert Einstein Institution ever provided financial or logistical support to any opposition groups in any country; nor has Dr. Sharp or the Albert Einstein Institution ever taken sides in political conflicts or engaged in strategic planning with any group. The Albert Einstein Institution operates with a very minimal budget out of Dr.

Sharp's home with a staff consisting of two people — Dr.

Sharp and a young administrator — and is quite incapable of carrying out the foreign intrigues of which it has been falsely accused. Sharp's major works, including both authored and edited books, have been published since the s. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Gene Sharp – Nonviolence

Gene Sharp. North Baltimore , Ohio [1] [2]. Albert Einstein Institution. Archived from the original PDF on April 19, Retrieved April 14, Author of the nonviolent revolution rulebook".

Archived from the original on February 22, Retrieved February 22, February 2, Archived from the original on March 1, American Friends Service Committee. Retrieved Archived from the original on February 5, Retrieved October 2, The story states: It is headed by Gene Sharp, a U. Archived from the original on December 24, October 12, Archived from the original on October 25, Archived from the original on November 11, — via Foreign Policy.

Gene Sharp

Prize Laureates. El-Hibri Charitable Foundation. Archived from the original on November 22, Retrieved August 24, List of Laureates. The Right Livelihood Award Foundation. Archived from the original on September 5, Retrieved September 27, PR Newswire. September 20, Archived from the original on October 29, Retrieved October 3, The article states that Sharp will receive the award at a symposium that "will take place on November 15 and 16 at the Alumni Center, University of Miami, Florida.

If subjects do not obey, rulers have no power. In Sharp's view, all effective power structures have systems by which they encourage or extract obedience from their subjects.

States have particularly complex systems for keeping subjects obedient. These systems include specific institutions police, courts, regulatory bodies, etc. Through these systems, subjects are presented with a system of sanctions imprisonment, fines, ostracism and rewards titles, wealth, fame which influence the extent of their obedience.


Sharp identifies this hidden structure as providing a window of opportunity for a population to cause significant change in a state. It builds on his earlier written works and documents case studies where nonviolent action has been applied, presents the lessons learned from those applications, and contains information on planning nonviolent struggle to make it more effective.

For his lifelong commitment to the defense of freedom, democracy, and the reduction of political violence through scholarly analysis of the power of nonviolent action, The Peace Abbey of Sherborn, MA, awarded him their Courage of Conscience award on April 4, Sharp's influence on struggles worldwide[ edit ] Sharp has been called both the " Machiavelli of nonviolence" [20] and the " Clausewitz of nonviolent warfare.

His works remain the ideological underpinning of the work for the Serbian-based nonviolent conflict training group the Centre for Applied Nonviolent Action and Strategies which helped to train the key activists in the protest movement that toppled President Mubarak of Egypt, and many other earlier youth movements in the Eastern European color revolutions.

Sharp's handbook From Dictatorship to Democracy [30] was first published in Burma, fourth edition in It has since been translated into at least 31 other languages.

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Spring 2019

From Dictatorship to Democracy. On Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: Thinking About the Fundamentals. Helvey Articles Downloads. Nonviolent Struggle — 50 Crucial Points. Strategic Nonviolent Struggle: